Detecting leaking oilfields with ALF, the Airborne Laser Fluorosensor: case histories and latest developments

Author : Alan WilliamsPublication : Bulletin of the Geological Society of MalaysiaVolume : 39Page : 123-129Year : 1996


Bulletin of the Geological Society of Malaysia, Volume 39, July 1996, pp. 123 - 129


Detecting leaking oilfields with ALF, the Airborne Laser Fluorosensor: case histories and latest developments


World Geoscience (UK) Limited, Guildford, GU1 4TR, U.K.


Abstract: The majority of the world\'s onshore oilfields leak small amounts of petroleum as surface seeps (Clarke and Cleverly, 1991). Seeps mark the ends of migration pathways and in unexplored basins, they provide vital clues in the hunt for the oilfields of the future. ALF, the Airborne Laser Fluorosensor, is an airborne geochemical tool capable of detecting very low concentrations of seeped petroleum at the ocean surface, equivalent to micro-seepage levels detected by conventional surface geochemical tools (gravity coring, etc.). The system has detected oil and condensate films as thin as 0.01µm (microns), an order of magnitude less than observed by the human eye or by passive satellite or airborne sensors as below 0.1µm, oil films are invisible. ALF also identifies the phase of the seeping petroleum i.e., light oil/condensate, normal or heavy oil.

ALF results from two contrasting deep-water basin settings and from one shallow-water basin are discussed, viz.

• the Gulf of Mexico Slope, a deep-water structured passive margin with high seepage rates.

• the Faeroe Basin, West of Shetlands, a deep-water unstructured passive margin with low seepage rates.

•the East Irish Sea basin, a shallow-water, uplifted rift basin with low seepage rates.

In each basin, ALF data were integrated with sub-surface data (principally seismic and high resolution magnetics) to generate:

• a map of the limits of the play-fairways

• a prediction of the phase of the trapped hydrocarbons

• a reduction in play-fairway risk.